In the orchard of the Kos family there are 1400 cherry trees, but rarely that have fruit. Those cherries that are foundredthey are also thick, but there are too few to go on sale with.
"Losses are almost 100 percent, what we have is for personal use. What 300 to 400 kg maximum. Of the projected, realistically projected 15.16 tons," he saidSpace Kos, from OPG Kos.
The Kos family has hired Qtech design to develop a pilot project for an antifrost system on 2,000 m2 of permanent cherry orchard. The pilot project defined the input parameters required for the development of a technological project for the reconstruction of a permanent plantation using a frost protection system (antifrost system).
The system in Demerje protected the cherry at -2.2 ° C with a rainfall intensity of 2.22 mm / m2 / h of water. The maximum flow of the system was 4.74 m3 / h and an all-night pressure of at least 0.5 bar on the pulsator. The accumulation required for one day of protection was 71 m3 / h of water. Energy consumption was 0.75 kW / h, which was spent on the operation of the supply water supply
One agrometeorological station with equipment for meteorological monitoring and systemic monitoring of pressure within the water supply system (antifrost system and drip irrigation system) was installed within the microlocation of the system. The agrometeorological station covers the microclimate within 1 hectare of plantations.
The vision of FPS is to raise people's awareness of important microclimate change and apply new technologies for a better, sustainable and environmentally friendly way of food production. FPS creates innovative technical solutions for primary producers, and contributes to the goal of feeding 10 billion people in 2050.
As part of Croatian forests There are several clone plantations that produce forest tree seeds, and among them is the seed clone plantation of wild cherries in the forest area. Polojac - Šartovac, nearby Kutine. The owner of the clone plantation is Hrvatske šume, Forest Administration Zagreb, Šumarija Kutina.
Qtech design has been hired to implement a pilot project of an antifrost system on 360 m2 of wild cherry in the most unfavorable location within the microclimate of plantations. The pilot project defined the input parameters required for the development of a technological project for the reconstruction of a permanent plantation using a frost protection system (antifrost system).
The system in Kutina protected wild cherries at -5 ° C with a rainfall intensity of 2.8 mm / m2 / h of water. The maximum flow of the system was 1 m3 / h, which maintained a pressure of 0.5 bar on the pulsator throughout the night with the help of a free-fall water tank. The accumulation required for one day of protection was 15 m3 / h of water, and at low supply levels it was replenished from the accumulation lake by means of a pump to replenish the reservoir located at the highest point of the orchard. Energy consumption was 1.5 kW / h, which was spent on the operation of the pump to replenish the water tank.
Within the microlocation of the system, one agrometeorological station was installed with equipment for meteorological monitoring and systemic monitoring of pressure within the water supply system (antifrost system and drip irrigation system). The agrometeorological station covers the microclimate within 3 hectares of plantations.
The mission of FPS is to contribute to the full sustainable production of food and biosystems. The intersection of the FPS software and hardware solution allows fruit systems to maximize production by reducing costs and increasing yields. By applying this innovative technology, the FPS system efficiently collects system, weather and production data from various micro locations, and with the help of smart analytics improves production characteristics. Customer focus, continuous improvement and technical innovation of this system, position FPS as a unique market participant destined for rapid growth.
As part of the planned works on the arrangement of the Homeland Monument, the City of Zagreb hired the company Qtech design for the project of automatic irrigation system | automatic rainwater system. The system is supplied with water via the city water supply connection, which is located at the planned positions of the automatic irrigation system connection in the ventilation shafts of the fountain pumping station. The system is controlled by a digital current programmer.
As a project deposit for the preparation of irrigation system documentation, the designer was provided with a project for arranging the green areas of the Monument to the Homeland, made by the certified landscape architect Robert Duić.
The implementation of the irrigation system of green areas is divided into two phases.
The first phase includes the construction of the supply water supply installation for irrigation, these works are performed in the construction phase of the infrastructure of the facility, before the construction of roads and paths. The works of the first phase include the installation of watertight penetrations for the passage of pipes from ventilation shafts where they are locatedsolenoid valves to watering surfaces.
The second phase includes the construction of an irrigation system, performed in the phase of filling the final layer of soil and planting plant material, before sowing the lawn.
The works of the second phase include:
installation of a complete pipeline starting from the connections to the supply line (performed in Phase I) to the manholes with solenoid valves,
installation of distribution valves and solenoid valves,
all earthworks required for the installation of plumbing and electrical installations and irrigation devices,
all other assembly and craft works necessary for the execution of a complete and functional system,
all actions required to connect a new automation system,
all tests and trials required to demonstrate the functionality of the system
all work on managing construction site documentation and making schemes of the performed state of installations
Irrigation system it will be supplied with city water via the DN50 water supply connection with a minimum flow of 7.0 m3 / h and 4.5 bar (supply height of 45 m) located at the planned positions of the automatic irrigation system connection in the ventilation shafts of the fountain pumping station. This project includes irrigation on an area of approx. 4460 m2
Surfaces with flower beds, floor coverings and hedges are irrigated by dripping, so that the installation of a two-layer pipe with droppers with a flow rate of 2.2 l at a distance of 33 cm, with built-in pressure compensation, is envisaged. On all lateral lines s tubes drop by drop additional pressure regulators with a set outlet pressure of 2.0 bar are installed. Lawn areas are irrigated by an irrigation system using pop up sprinklers connected to the lateral line. The choice of sprayer and nozzle depends on the size of the surface to be irrigated.
Pop up sprinkler
All controls are mounted on an outdoor installation. The irrigation system is divided into 17 zones of simultaneous operation via a solenoid valve with a diameter of DN40 (R1 1/2 ''), with a spool voltage of 24V.
Solenoid valves have the ability to manually operate and adjust the flow, and their construction prevents the return of water from the installation to the supply network. Solenoid valves are made of hard plastic, normally closed, for operating pressure up to 10 bar and medium temperature up to 43 ° C. Solenoid valves are installed in the ventilation shafts of the service room. For each solenoid valve in the system, the installation of a pressure regulator is provided to adjust the pressure in the lateral line, so that the irrigation devices work in the design conditions. The operation of the solenoid valves is controlled via a digital current programmer with a minimum of 20 control outputs 24V el. solenoid valves. The digital power programmer has an LCD display with a simple user interface, the possibility of flow control and flow control, a time sensor connection with a bypass switch, a master valve connection.
Digital current programmer
Statement of flow along lateral lines
The following are the individual flows of lateral lines in the irrigation system, under the condition of optimal hydraulic operating conditions:
operating pressure on the lines from the pipe drop by drop - 2 bar
operating pressure on lines with static sprinklers - 3 bar
operating pressure on lines with dynamic sprinklers - 3 bar
Water consumption of the rainwater system of the Monument to the Homeland with 100% overlap is shown in the following diagram:
OPG stjepan car is located in the town of Vrbovec, on 3000 m2 there is an orchard with various varieties of apples, pears, apricots, plums, cherries. Due to the early spring frosts, Mr. Car decided on the FPS frost protection system from Qtech design from Zagreb. The system is currently under construction and initial testing is planned for the fall of 2020. The system will be functional and ready to protect orchards from the early spring frosts of 2021.
The company Fruit Gardens d.o.o. is a trade and service company based in Velika Ludina, Ulica Moslavačkih vinograda 9, Katoličko Selišće. The subject of business is agricultural activity, production of agricultural products, and it was established with the aim of growing nuts and nuts.
Based on the fact of market demand for quality apple, the company Vrtovi voća d.o.o. joined the group of entrepreneurs who see their business opportunity in intensive fruit production of apples and in 2011 began a project to raise orchards in the area of Velika Ludina in areas where there were once apple orchards within the PPK Zagreb. The company Fruit Gardens d.o.o. was officially entered in the Register of Agricultural Holdings in 2011. The project of raising and equipping 14.5 ha of intensive orchard was applied for a tender from the IPARD program at the beginning of 2012 and was successfully implemented during 2012 and 2013. The apple orchard is becoming more and more fruitful and should have reached its maximum. yield of 60 t / ha. Unfortunately, due to the appearance of frost in 2016 and 2017, the yield in those years was not realized and it was planned to invest in a system of protection against frost (anti frost). Apple production in the Fruit Gardens company is in accordance with the principles of integrated production and since 2014 it has been entered in the register of integrated producers, since 2014 it has been certified by GLOBALG.A.P. standard.
Apple orchards were planted in the municipality of Velika Ludina, k.o. Katoličko Selišće, cp no. 4805/12 and 4805/8. The distribution of varieties by areas produced is as follows:
Golden Delicious (clone Reinders) - 6.5 ha (cp no. 4805/8)
Jonagold (clones Morrens Jonagored Supra and Wiltons Red Jonaprince) - 5.5 ha (cp no. 4805/12)
Idared - 2.5 ha (cat. No. 4805/12)
Anti frost system
Analysis of climate parameters and monitoring of the production cycle in the period from 2012 to 2015 shows a pronounced occurrence of extreme situations of long and dry periods, periods with high intensity of precipitation, as well as the occurrence of late spring frosts. Particularly increased frequency of frost, which directly affects the loss of complete gender for the upcoming season, where gender insurance does not cover all costs, all this requires the application of active protection measures and reducing production risks.
Since the existing apple production in the project area had a drip irrigation system, water storage and the necessary equipment for regular operation of the system, the restructuring planned to use all elements of the system that are within the set parameters for frost protection system.
Late spring frost protection system is based on the phenomenon of water anomaly when when changing the physical state 1 gram of water from liquid to solid state releases 80 Cal of energy. This energy is used to maintain the temperature of the flower and young fruit at a temperature of 0 to -2ºC. At the same time, an icy crust of moist ice is made over the flower and the fruit, whose temperature is 0ºC, and a needle effect is used to protect the genus.
We start the frost protection system at + 2 ° C measured on a humid thermometer, or when we are sure that there will be frost, but always an hour before the announced risk of frost. When we protect the space (atmosphere and soil with moisture), then reduced evaporation occurs, thus achieving a microclimate with 100% relative humidity and prevents heat loss by radiation, while retaining the energy obtained by freezing water.
We stop the system after all the ice has melted, especially if there is a light wind in the morning.
The Fruit Gardens project included the construction of a suction pipeline with a pump unit, a filter plant, protective equipment in the pumping station, a primary supply pipeline, a field control unit, a secondary pipeline, an orchard distribution network and emitters installed on a pre-defined frost protection grid. restructuring existing perennial apple orchards.
The system in Velika Ludina protected the apple at -5 ° C with a rainfall intensity of 1.2 mm / m2 / h of water. The maximum flow of the system was 203 m3 / h. The accumulation required for one day of protection was 3000 m3 / h of water and the whole system was provided with an accumulation of 30,000 m3 sufficient for 10 days of plantation protection. Energy consumption was 120 kW / h which was spent on diesel pump unit and filter plant.
Within the microlocation of the system, three agrometeorological stations have been installed with equipment for meteorological monitoring and systemic monitoring of pressure within the water supply system (antifrost system and drip irrigation system). Three agrometeorological stations cover the microclimate within 40 hectares of plantations.
FPS is a complete microclimatic solution for agriculture. Current applications are in fruit systems, with a primary focus on protection against early spring frosts. Future system implementations will include (i) pamento irrigation (risk of possible soil dehydration), (ii) smart fertilization (iii) fire and gust warnings, and (iv) models to predict the development of plant diseases and pests.